Listed below are a number of common terms
that you may encounter while using this website or in your dealings with the
Media Centre. If you have a query related to a term not covered below please
A cassette format mainly used by amateur
A digital audio editor from Adobe, allowing
for real time editing and multitrack support.
Adobe Premier Pro
A video editing software application,
allows the editor to apply a range of effects to the video and edit in real
Automated Dialog Replacement - the process
of re-recording and then dubbing the lines by the actor who originally spoke
Betacam cassette format, launched in 1986
with a higher resolution than the original.
A family of professional videotape products
developed by Sony in 1982.
Broadcasting is the transmission of audio
or video signals to an audience.
Colour separation overlay screen – used as
the backdrop when another image is placed on top of it, also known greenscreen,
A retractable curtain hung around a studio.
Digital Betacam was launched in 1993, is
has been a popular cassette format for broadcast use.
This is a term that covers all aspects of
sound post production, including: laying down the tracklay as a Premix, Spots
or Foley, music, dialogue or Voice Over.
Mixing down of the individual sound tracks
into a final mix version for broadcast or delivery.
A tape format used for recording digital
video, created by Sony for professional uses. DVCam tape gives accurate audio
reproduction and frame accurate insert tape edit.
A format of tape created by Panasonic
specifically for recording digital video for broadcasting work.
Flash is a multimedia platform, developed
and distributed by Adobe Systems since December 2005, it was previously owned
by Macromedia. Flash is a popular way of adding animation to web pages and can
be used to create interactive CDs, DVDs and presentations.
The Foley artist is the person who creates
many of the sound effects that are recorded and then dubbed onto a film eg, the
sound of horses’ hooves galloping using coconut shells.
Hard light casts a sharp, clearly defined
shadow, hard light will accentuate the textures and details in an object.
HDV is a high-definition video recording
format which uses MPEG2 compression to fit high definition content onto DV or
High Definition (HD)
An HD display has greater resolution than
standard television systems, resulting in a much clearer picture. HD content
has a range of resolutions and is broadcast digitally.
An ISDN line allows for the transmission of
digital signals without them being converted into analogue, this leads to
better quality for the end-user.
A term used to describe the filming on a
real site (as opposed to a studio environment).
A form of audio post-production, mastering
is the art of preparing audio material to a certain standard of quality and
then transferring it to a storage device (such as a CD) which then becomes the
A physically small tape format used for
recording digital video.
The technique of balancing the volume,
frequency and dynamic content of a variety of sound sources.
Short for Moving Picture Experts Group, and
pronounced m-peg, the term refers to a family of video compression file formats
developed by the group.
Multi format area
The multi format area is a room in the
Media Centre where we can convert audio and video into a range of formats.
The term multimedia is used in contrast to
traditional ‘media’. Multimedia can involve a combination of text, audio,
video, animations and interactivity eg, on interactive CD-ROMs.
A podcast is a digital media file or
collection of files that is distributed over the internet. The files can then
be played back on a computer or personal player (eg, an Ipod). The method by
which podcasts are distributed is often called podcasting.
The general term for all stages of
production that occur after the actual recording of audio or video eg, video
editing, writing a soundtrack, mastering the audio.
Pre-production is the process of preparing
all the elements involved in a production.
QuickTime is a format developed by Apple
Inc. capable of handling various formats of video and audio, video and
interactive panoramic images.
Recording is the process of capturing a
performance and transferring it to a storage format.
Soft light refers to light that tends to
"wrap" around object, casting shadows with soft edges.
Standard Definition (SD)
An SD display has 704 pixels across each of
480 scanning lines (704 x 480) and that results in a 4:3 aspect ratio screen
shape, the image shape in which virtually all TV programs were shown until the
introduction of high definition television.
Media that is received by the end user at
the same time, or just after, it is delivered is usually referred to as ‘streaming’.
The ‘stream’ is the method of delivery rather than the content itself.
An improved version of the VHS cassette,
with a 60% improvement in colour detail, introduced in 1987.
This is where you build the “sound picture”
for your film. Using rushes sound as well as atmosphere tracks from external
sources, a dubbing editor will lay numerous tracks that enhance the sound of
your film. This can be anything from general traffic noise to every sound
necessary where there is no location sound available.
A format of video cassette, VHS stands for
‘Video Home System’. It was launched in 1976 and became the standard for
consumer recording and viewing. VHSC is a reduced size format, commonly used in
Short for video podcast, a term used for
the online delivery of video content that can be played back on a personal
player (eg, an Ipod).
A widescreen image is a video image with
the 16:9 aspect, this leads to the "letterbox" format – allowing a
wider display onscreen.