Open Research has been defined as 'the practice of research in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute'. It takes place when 'research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods'. (Foster Open Science).
The FOSTER project offers some very accessible training to help researchers adopt Open Research.
The benefits of conducting research in an open way are understood to be:
- Public good
Some of the distinct elements of open research are:
- Open Access
- Open Data
- Open Peer review. The Publons Academy offers some useful context on this.
- Open source code/software
- Open lab notebooks/processes
- Publishing of negative results
- Citizen Science
- Open Educational resources
The use of persistent identifiers such as ORCiD (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) enable research systems to interoperate.
The Research Skills Team runs workshops giving an introduction to Open Research.
The BEAR team in IT Services give advice on how they can support you to conduct research in a more open way, with services such as the Research Data Store to support you.
A useful discussion of some of the issues in Open Research can be found in a recent article:
Tennant, J. P., H. Crane and T. Crick (2019). "Ten hot topics around scholarly publishing." Publications 7(2): 34