Literature searching and referencing

Literature searching is essential to find out what is already known on a subject, and what is not known. It avoids duplicating effort and establishes where your research fits into an existing body of knowledge.

For information about the best resources to search in your subject area, use our Libguides.

A systematic review is a formal research study that finds, assesses and analyses a number of studies that have all tried to answer a similar question. They follow a clear, predefined structure.  It usually takes many months to do a systematic review. A fuller definition is available in the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions

Cochrane Interactive Learning is an online introductory training course on how to conduct a systematic review of interventions. This course provides over 10 hours of self-directed learning on the complete systematic review process for both new and experienced review authors.
Access is IP + Username and Password. Registration is required when you first access it.  You will need to have signed in to FindIt@Bham when you first register in order to be recognised as a UoB member.

Library Services offers face-to-face training:

Downloading our worksheets will help you prepare for effective searching:

Learn online now with our Canvas course


See our ICite Guide for examples of referencing styles.

EndNote is a referencing software programme which takes the hard work out of referencing.  It is highly recommended for PhD students, researchers and academic members of staff.


Professional Services