The Commission strategy is to develop and implement open access to research results from projects funded by the EU Research Framework Programmes, including Horizon 2020.
Open access to scientific publications and research data in Horizon 2020
Open access requirements are based on a balanced support to both 'green' open access (immediate or delayed open access that is provided through self-archiving) and 'gold' open access (immediate open access that is provided by a publisher).
How do I comply?
Under Horizon 2020, you must ensure open access to all peer-reviewed scientific publications relating to its results. The detailed legal requirements on open access to publications are contained in article 29.2 of the Model Grant Agreement.
You must make your work open access via the 'green' route (self-archiving for free) or via the 'gold' route (paid open access).
You must make the bibliographic metadata immediately available as open access in the University of Birmingham Research Archive (UBIRA) using PURE, including:
the terms ["European Union (EU)" and "Horizon 2020"]["Euratom" and Euratom research and training programme 2014-2018"]
the name of the action, acronym and grant number
the publication date
length of embargo period if applicable
a persistent identifier
'Green' open access
EC Horizon 2020 permits 'green' OA with a six-month embargo for STEM subjects and 12 months for SSH after publication.
If you are able to go 'green' OA, deposit the accepted version of your publication (PDF format), into UBIRA using Pure immediately on acceptance. Ensure your publication is linked to the grant using the ‘Projects’ link in PURE.
- The accepted version is also known as the authors final manuscript, or post print.
- It is the version after peer review and before final publisher formatting or copy-editing.
- Add an embargo to the document, if required by the publisher.
- If your publisher is uncompliant with 'green' OA, you will need to choose the 'gold' OA route.
'Gold' open access
The Article Processing Charges (APCs) for 'gold' open access incurred by beneficiaries are eligible for reimbursement during the duration of the project.
Details can be found in the Model Grant Agreement (see article 6.2.D.3).
On publication, you are encouraged by the University to deposit a copy of the final PDF of your 'gold' OA publication into University of Birmingham Research Archive (UBIRA), using PURE.
The costs of 'gold' open access publications incurred after the end of projects are not eligible for reimbursement via the budget of the specific action.
However, at the beginning of Horizon 2020, a mechanism will be piloted for also dealing with open access publication charges incurred after the end of grant agreements with the Commission. This pilot is supported via 2014-15 European Research Infrastructures Work Programme (e-Infrastructures part, topic EINFRA-2-2014 – e-Infrastructure for Open Access).
Details of this pilot will become available in 2014-15.
Open research data
Horizon 2020 has introduced an open research data pilot, which aims to improve and maximise access to and re-use of research data generated by projects.
The legal requirements for projects participating in this pilot are contained in the optional article 29.3 of the Model Grant Agreement.
Other relevant information, such as the scope of the pilot, is provided in the introduction to the Horizon 2020 Work Programme.
The pilot will be monitored throughout Horizon 2020 with a view to further developing EC policy on open research.