iCite - referencing at the University of Birmingham
The why, the what and the how of referencing.
How to reference correctly
How to reference using different systems such as Harvard (author-date), Vancouver (Numbering), APA, MHRA, and others.
Reference management software
Information on the use of Endnote and RefWorks
Sources of help and support
Where to get help with referencing and reference management software
Referencing and plagiarism
Further information and links for help with plagiarism, in association with the i-cite.
We have developed an enhanced guide to using a generic Harvard style of referencing based on Cite Them Right. Below are links to Quick PDF Guides on how to reference correctly using this new generic Harvard style, plus guides for 6 other major styles. For a more in-depth guide to these styles, follow the how to reference correctly link.
Harvard (author-date) Quick Referencing Guide (PDF - 197KB)
Vancouver (Numbering) Quick Referencing Guide (PDF - 216KB)
APA Quick Referencing Guide (PDF - 225KB)
MHRA Quick Referencing Guide (PDF - 203KB)
Birmingham Harvard Style
University Education Committee has agreed to the discontinuation of the Birmingham Harvard referencing style. PDF guidance on Birmingham Harvard is still available.